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India Today in History | 1st Day of March

March 1st goes down in the annals of history as an important date, marked by a list of significant events that have shaped the course of both Indian and world history. From political milestones to scientific discoveries, this date resonates with transformative events that continue to influence our collective narrative. Let us take a journey through time to explore the rich fabric of history woven on this remarkable day.

The Day of 1st March in Indian History

1. The Peshwa signed a pact with British East India Company (1776):

In 1776, the Peshwa (chief minister) of the Maratha people signed a pact with the British East India Company in Calcutta, which was an example of the tangled relations between the British and the Marathas.

2. C.V. Raman presented his research on the scattering of light (1928):

In 1928, Indian scientist C.V. Raman presented his research on the scattering of light, which later won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.

3. Mahatma Gandhi launched the Salt March (1930):

In 1930, Mahatma Gandhi launched the Salt March, a nonviolent civil disobedience campaign against the British salt monopoly in India, which lasted for 24 days and covered 240 miles.

4. The Demise of Chittaranjan Das (1936):

March 1st witnessed the passing of Chittaranjan Das, a towering figure in the Indian independence movement. Fondly known as Deshbandhu, Das played a pivotal role in advocating for Indian self-rule through his leadership in the Indian National Congress. His demise left an indelible void in the fabric of the freedom struggle, yet his legacy of unwavering commitment to the cause of independence continues to inspire generations.

5. Adoption of Hindi as the Official Language (1949):

On this day, the Constituent Assembly of India made a historic decision by adopting Hindi as the official language of the Republic of India. This landmark move aimed to foster linguistic unity and promote the rich cultural heritage of the Hindi-speaking populace. However, it also sparked debates regarding linguistic diversity and the need for equitable representation of regional languages in the nation's fabric.

6. A Cheif Minister of Bihar was Born (1951):

In 1951, Nitish Kumar, the chief minister of Bihar and a regional leader, was born.

7. Reorganization of Punjab (1966):

March 1st witnessed the formal reorganization of Punjab into three distinct states – Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh. This restructuring, based on linguistic lines, sought to accommodate the linguistic and cultural diversity of the region. While it addressed certain grievances and aspirations of various communities, it also posed challenges in terms of administrative governance and resource allocation.

8. An Indian Boxing Legend was born (1983):

In 1983, Mary Kom, a six-time world champion boxer and an Olympic bronze medalist, was born. Though her birthday in official documents is marked as March 1, 1983, Mary Kom has said in past interviews that she was originally born on November 24.

9. The Demise of Manmohan Desai (1994):

In 1994, Manmohan Desai, a famous Hindi film-maker known for his stunt films and masala movies, passed away at 57.

10. Navin Chawla was appointed India's 16th Chief Election Commissioner (2009):

In 2009, President Pratibha Patil appointed Navin Chawla as the next Chief Election Commissioner of India. Navin Chawla took charge as India's 16th Chief Election Commissioner on 21 April 2009.

11. Extradition treaty with Saudi Arabia (2010):

In 2010, former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh made an extradition treaty with Saudi Arabia during his visit to the country, along with several other agreements in various fields. India has signed Extradition Treaties with Malaysia in January 2010 and Saudi Arabia in March 2010 in order to ensure availability of fugitive criminals for trial in India.

12. India beat Pakistan in a Hockey World Cup Match (2010):

In 2010, India beat Pakistan by 4-1 in the first match of the Hockey World Cup, which was held in New Delhi.


The Day of 1st March in World History:

1. Outbreak of the French Wars of Religion (1562):

March 1st marked the onset of the French Wars of Religion with the infamous Massacre of Vassy. This tragic event saw Catholic forces led by the Duke of Guise perpetrate violence against Huguenots, French Calvinist Protestants, resulting in numerous casualties. The massacre ignited sectarian tensions and plunged France into a protracted period of religious strife, leaving an enduring imprint on its socio-political landscape.

2. Ratification of the Articles of Confederation (1781):

In a watershed moment for the fledgling United States, Maryland ratified the Articles of Confederation on March 1st, 1781. This milestone marked the formal establishment of the first constitution of the United States, laying the groundwork for a confederation of sovereign states. While the Articles provided a framework for governance, they also revealed the inherent weaknesses of a decentralized system, ultimately paving the way for the drafting of the U.S. Constitution.

3. The world’s first Yellowstone National Park establishment (1872):

In 1872, the world’s first Yellowstone National Park was established in the United States, which is famous for its geothermal features and wildlife.

4. Discovery of Radioactivity by Henri Becquerel (1896):

March 1st witnessed a momentous scientific breakthrough with Henri Becquerel's discovery of radioactivity. While conducting experiments with uranium salts, Becquerel observed mysterious rays that penetrated opaque materials. This serendipitous discovery laid the foundation for further exploration in the field of nuclear physics, paving the way for seminal contributions by luminaries such as Marie and Pierre Curie. Radioactivity revolutionized our understanding of matter and energy, ushering in a new era of scientific inquiry with far-reaching implications for technology and medicine.