Author: Chandan Vishwakarma
Introduction of Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a constitutional body responsible for conducting civil services examinations and other examinations for recruiting civil servants in India. The commission was established on October 1st, 1926, as the Public Service Commission, and it was renamed as the UPSC in 1950, after the Constitution of India came into effect.
UPSC conducts Civil Services Examination
The UPSC conducts several exams every year, including the Civil Services Examination, Indian Forest Service Examination, Engineering Services Examination, Combined Defence Services Examination, and others. The Civil Services Examination is considered to be one of the toughest exams in the world, and it is the gateway to the prestigious Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and other civil services.
How many stages are there in Civil Services Examination
The Civil Services Examination is conducted in three stages: the Preliminary examination, the Main examination, and the Personality Test (Interview).
The Preliminary examination consists of two objective-type papers of 200 marks each, and it tests the candidates' knowledge of current events, Indian politics and governance, Indian and world geography, history of India and the world, economic and social development, environment and ecology, and general science.
The Main examination consists of nine papers of conventional essay-type questions, and it tests the candidates' ability to express themselves in a clear and concise manner, analyze and interpret data, and present arguments and ideas in a logical and coherent way. The papers are divided into two categories: qualifying papers and merit papers. The qualifying papers are two language papers (one of which can be English or Hindi) and an English paper, and the candidates need to score a minimum of 25% marks in each of these papers to qualify for the merit papers. The merit papers include four General Studies papers, two optional papers, and an essay paper.
The Personality Test (Interview) is the final stage of the Civil Services Examination, and it is conducted by a board of UPSC members. The interview is intended to assess the candidates' personality, communication skills, and suitability for the civil services. The interview is usually conducted in Delhi, and it lasts for about 30 minutes.
UPSC follows a Rigorous and Transparent Examination process
The UPSC follows a rigorous and transparent process in conducting its exams. The commission invites applications from eligible candidates, and it conducts the exams in several cities across India. The commission also provides study materials and guidelines to help candidates prepare for the exams, and it publishes the results and cutoff marks on its website.
Importance of UPSC in recruitment of civil servants in India
The UPSC also plays an important role in the selection and recruitment of civil servants in India. The commission conducts the exams for the recruitment of civil servants in the central government, and it also advises the state governments on the recruitment and selection of civil servants. The UPSC also conducts interviews for the selection of candidates for various positions in the central government, such as the chairman and members of the Union Public Service Commission, members of the Election Commission, and other high-level positions.
UPSC standards of professionalism and integrity
The UPSC is known for its strict selection process and its high standards of professionalism and integrity. The commission is responsible for ensuring that only the most qualified and competent candidates are selected for the civil services, and it is committed to maintaining the highest standards of transparency and fairness in its exams and selection processes.
The UPSC also plays an important role in shaping the policies and programs of the central government. The civil servants recruited through the UPSC exams are responsible for implementing the policies and programs of the government, and they play a key role in the development and progress of the country. The UPSC, therefore, has a crucial role in shaping the future of India and its people.
In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the civil services among young people in India. The civil services offer a challenging and rewarding career path, and they provide opportunities for serving the country and making a difference in people's lives.